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 Abdorreza Sheikholeslami,Gholamreza Ilati and Yones Eftekhari Yeganeh.Practical Solutions for Reducing Container Ships’ Waiting Times at Ports Using Simulation Model[J].Journal of Marine Science and Application,2013,(4):434-444.[doi:10.1007/s11804-013-1214-x]
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Practical Solutions for Reducing Container Ships’ Waiting Times at Ports Using Simulation Model


Practical Solutions for Reducing Container Ships’ Waiting Times at Ports Using Simulation Model
Abdorreza Sheikholeslami Gholamreza Ilati and Yones Eftekhari Yeganeh
Abdorreza Sheikholeslami Gholamreza Ilati and Yones Eftekhari Yeganeh
Transportation Planning Department, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran 16846-13114, Iran
container ships waiting time access channel depth quay length simulation model enterprise dynamics berth allocation
The main challenge for container ports is the planning required for berthing container ships while docked in port. Growth of containerization is creating problems for ports and container terminals as they reach their capacity limits of various resources which increasingly leads to traffic and port congestion. Good planning and management of container terminal operations reduces waiting time for liner ships. Reducing the waiting time improves the terminal’s productivity and decreases the port difficulties. Two important keys to reducing waiting time with berth allocation are determining suitable access channel depths and increasing the number of berths which in this paper are studied and analyzed as practical solutions. Simulation based analysis is the only way to understand how various resources interact with each other and how they are affected in the berthing time of ships. We used the Enterprise Dynamics software to produce simulation models due to the complexity and nature of the problems. We further present case study for berth allocation simulation of the biggest container terminal in Iran and the optimum access channel depth and the number of berths are obtained from simulation results. The results show a significant reduction in the waiting time for container ships and can be useful for major functions in operations and development of container ship terminals.


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Last Update: 2013-11-14