|Table of Contents|

 Doyal Kumar Sarker,Md. Shahjada Tarafder.Numerical Analysis of Fluid Flow Around Ship Hulls Using STAR-CCM+ with Verification Results[J].Journal of Marine Science and Application,2024,(2):276-291.[doi:10.1007/s11804-024-00424-3]
Click and Copy

Numerical Analysis of Fluid Flow Around Ship Hulls Using STAR-CCM+ with Verification Results


Numerical Analysis of Fluid Flow Around Ship Hulls Using STAR-CCM+ with Verification Results
Doyal Kumar Sarker Md. Shahjada Tarafder
Doyal Kumar Sarker Md. Shahjada Tarafder
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology-Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, BUET, Dhaka-1000 Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
Computational fluid dynamics|Grid convergence|Resistance|STAR-CCM+|Volume of fluid
In this paper, numerical analyses of fluid flow around the ship hulls such as Series 60, the Kriso Container Ship (KCS), and catamaran advancing in calm water, are presented. A commercial computational fluid dynamic (CFD) code, STAR-CCM+ is used to analyze total resistance, sinkage, trim, wave profile, and wave pattern for a range of Froude numbers. The governing RANS equations of fluid flow are discretized using the finite volume method (FVM), and the pressure-velocity coupling equations are solved using the SIMPLE (semi-implicit method for pressure linked equations) algorithm. Volume of fluid (VOF) method is employed to capture the interface between air and water phases. A fine discretization is performed in between these two phases to get a higher mesh resolution. The fluid-structure interaction (FSI) is modeled with the dynamic fluidbody interaction (DFBI) module within the STAR-CCM+. The numerical results are verified using the results available in the literatures. Grid convergence studies are also carried out to determine the dependence of results on the grid quality. In comparison to previous findings, the current CFD analysis shows the satisfactory results.


Ahmed YM (2011) Numerical simulation for the free surface flow around a complex ship hull form at different Froude numbers. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 50(3):229-235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2011.01.017
Andreasson P, Svensson U (1992) A note on a generalized eddyviscosity hypothesis. Journal of Fluids Engineering, 114(3):463-466. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2910055
Atreyapurapu K, Tallapragada B, Voonna K (2014) Simulation of a free surface flow over a container vessel using CFD. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), 18(7):334-339. https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V18P269
Azcueta R (2000) Ship resistance prediction by free-surface RANS computations. Ship Technology Research-Schiffstechnik, 47(2):47-62
Bahatmaka A, Kim DJ (2018) Numerical modelling for traditional fishing vessel prediction of resistance by CFD approach, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 13(8):6211-6215
Boussinesq J (1877) Theory of swirling flow. Acad. Sci, 23, 46
Campbell R, Terziev M, Tezdogan T, Incecik, A (2022) Computational fluid dynamics predictions of draught and trim variations on ship resistance in confined waters. Applied Ocean Research,126:103301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2022.103301
Cao HJ, Wan DC (2015) RANS-VOF solver for solitary wave run-up on a circular cylinder. China Ocean Engineering, 29:183-196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13344-015-0014-2
Ebrahimi A (2012) Numerical study on resistance of a bulk carrier vessel using CFD method, Journal of the Persian Gulf (Marine Science), 3(10):1-6
Feng Y, el Moctar O, Schellin TE (2021) Parametric hull form optimization of containerships for minimum resistance in calm water and in waves. Journal of Marine Science and Application, 20(4):670-693. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11804-021-00243-w
Frisk D, Tegehall L (2015) Prediction of high-speed planing hull resistance and running attitude-A numerical study using computational fluid dynamics. Master of Science, Department of Shipping and Marine Technology Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg
Gadd GE (1976) A method of computing the flow and surface wave pattern around full forms. Trans. Royal Insitute of Naval Architects, 118:207-219
Hirt CW, Nichols BD (1981) Volume of fluid (VOF) method for the dynamics of free boundaries. Journal of computational physics, 39(1):201-225. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9991(81)90145-5
Insel M, Molland A (1992) An investigation into the resistance components of high speed displacement catamarans. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, 134, 1-20
Islam H, Guedes Soares C (2019) Effect of trim on container ship resistance at different ship speeds and drafts. Ocean Engineering, 183, 106-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2019.03.058
ITTC (2011) Practical guidelines for ship CFD applications. Recommended Procedures and Guidelines
Karim MM, Naz N (2017) Computation of hydrodynamic characteristics of ships using CFD. International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing, 5(4):219-223. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijmmm.2017.5.4.322
Kim WJ, Van SH, Kim DH (2001). Measurement of flows around modern commercial ship models. Experiments in Fluids, 31(5):567-578. https://doi.org/10.1007/s003480100332
Korkmaz KB, Orych M, Larsson L (2015) CFD predictions including verification and validation of resistance, propulsion and local flow for the Japan Bulk Carrier (JBC) with and without an energy saving device. In Proc. Tokyo 2015 Workshop on CFD in Ship Hydrodynamics
Kwag SH (2001) Computation of flows around a high speed catamaran. KSME International Journal, 15(4):465-472. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03185107
Li T, Matusiak J (2001) Simulation of modern surface ships with a wetted transom in a viscous flow. International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference (pp. ISOPE-I)
Maronnier V, Picasso M, Rappaz J (2003). Numerical simulation of three-dimensional free surface flows. International journal for numerical methods in fluids, 42(7):697-716. https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.532
Masuko A, Ogiwara S (1990) Numerical simulation of viscous flow around practical Hull form. 5thInternational Conference on Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics Mei T, Candries M, Lataire E, Zou Z (2020) Numerical study on hydrodynamics of ships with forward speed based on nonlinear steady wave. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 8(2):106. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8020106
Ozdemir YH, Barlas B, Yilmaz T, Bayraktar S (2014) Numerical and experimental study of turbulent free surface flow for a fast ship model. An International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering for Research and Development, 65 (1):39-53
Pacuraru F, Mandru A, Bekhit A (2022) CFD study on hydrodynamic performances of a planing hull. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 10(10):1523. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse10101523
Perez C, Tan M, Wilson P (2008) Validation and verification of hull resistance components using a commercial CFD code. 11th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium, 6
Pranzitelli A, Nicola CD, Miranda S (2011) Steady-state calculations of free surface flow around ship hulls and resistance predictions. Symposium on High Speed Marine Vehicles (HSMV), Naples, 25-27
Reynolds O (1895) On the dynamical theory of incompressible viscous fluids and the determination of the criterion. Philosophical transactions of the royal society of london.(a.), 186(1895):123-164. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.1895.0004
Sarker, DK, Ahsanullah S, Azam S, Rahaman S (2017) Numerical predictions of calm water resistance of a modern surface combatant. International Conference on Mechanical, Industrial and Materials Engineering, RUET, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Sato Y, Sadatomi M, Sekoguchi K (1981) Momentum and heat transfer in two-phase bubble flow-I. Theory. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 7(2):167-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-9322(81)90003-3
STAR-CCM+ User guide (2011) Version 11.02, CD-AdapcoTM, USA, 1-12352
Stern F, Wilson RV, Coleman HW, Paterson EG (2001) Comprehensive approach to verification and validation of CFD simulations-Part 1:Methodology and Procedures. Journal of Fluids Engineering, 123(4):793-802. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1412235
Takeshi H, Hino T (1987) ITTC cooperative experiments on a series 60 model at Ship Research Institute-flow measurements and resistance tests. 17th Int. Towing Tank Conference (ITTC)
Tarafder MS, Suzuki K (2007) Computation of wave-making resistance of a catamaran in deep water using a potential-based panel method. Ocean Engineering, 34(13):1892-1900. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2006.06.010
Tarafder MS, Mursaline MA (2019) Numerical analysis of turbulent flow around two-dimensional bodies using non-orthogonal bodyfitted Mesh. International Journal of Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 24 (2):387-410. https://doi.org/10.2478/ijame-2019-0024
Tu J, Yeoh GH, Liu C (2018a) Computational Fluid Dynamics:A Practical Approach. Butterworth-Heinemann
Tu TN, Chien NM (2018b) Application of panel method to calculate ship resistance. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 7(4):121-124
Tu T, Phuong N, Anh VT, Ngoc V, Hai P, Chinh C (2018c) Numerical prediction of ship resistance in calm water by using RANS method. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(17):7210-7214.https://doi.org/10.3923/jeasci.2018.7210.7214
Wn?k AD, Sutulo S, Guedes Soares C (2018) CFD analysis of shipto-ship hydrodynamic interaction. Journal of Marine Science and Application, 17:21-37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11804-018-0010-z
Wu CS, Zhou D C, Gao L, Miao Q M (2011) CFD computation of ship motions and added resistance for a high speed trimaran in regular head waves. International Journal Of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, 3(1):105-110. https://doi.org/10.2478/IJNAOE-2013-0051
Yanuar, Ibadurrahman, Muhammad Arif R, Muhamad Ryan DP (2019) Resistance characteristic of high-speed unstaggered pentamaran model with variations of symmetric and asymmetric hull configurations. Journal of Marine Science and Application, 18:472-481. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11804-019-00119-0
Yao CB, Dong WC (2012) Method to calculate resistance of highspeed displacement ship taking the effect of dynamic sinkage and trim and fluid viscosity into account. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science), 17(4):421-426. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12204-012-1301-1
Zha R, Ye H, Shen Z, Wan D (2014) Numerical study of viscous wave-making resistance of ship navigation in still water. Journal of Marine Science and Application, 13(2):158-166. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11804-014-1248-8
Zhang A, Li SM, Cui P, Li S, Liu YL (2023) A unified theory for bubble dynamics. Physics of Fluids, 35(3). https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0145415
Zhao B, Jiang H, Sun J, Zhang D (2023) Research on the hydrodynamic performance of a pentamaran in calm water and regular waves. Applied Sciences, 13(7):4461. https://doi.org/10.3390/app13074461
Zhao F, Zhu SP, Zhang, ZR (2005) Numerical experiments of a benchmark hull based on a turbulent free-surface flow model. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 9(3):273-285. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmes.2005.009.273
Zou L, Larsson L (2014) Additional data for resistance, sinkage and trim. In Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics, 255-264. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7189-5_6


Received date: 2023-08-06;Accepted date: 2023-12-02。
Corresponding author: Doyal Kumar Sarker,E-mail:doyalkumar94@gmail.com
Last Update: 2024-05-28