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 Karan Sotoodeh.Closed Loop Hydraulic System and Its Effect on Actuator Design[J].Journal of Marine Science and Application,2021,(2):333-342.[doi:10.1007/s11804-021-00204-3]
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Closed Loop Hydraulic System and Its Effect on Actuator Design


Closed Loop Hydraulic System and Its Effect on Actuator Design
Karan Sotoodeh
Karan Sotoodeh
Manifold & Valve Engineering, Baker Hughes, 0483 Oslo, Norway
SubseaHydraulic systemValves and actuatorsClosed loop hydraulicHydraulic actuatorsActuators design modificationEmission reduction
Hydraulic systems provide a clean and stable supply of hydraulic fluid for subsea valves and actuators installed on the subsea bed in subsea production systems. Subsea control systems are used for contemporary subsea fields instead of installing the control system on topside. Although all-electric subsea systems are state-of-the-art with benefits such as health, safety, and environment improvement, as well as efficiency and lower cost, hydraulic systems are still used for the development of many subsea fields. One of the main questions in the selection of a subsea hydraulic field is whether to choose an open or closed loop hydraulic system. The main characteristic of an open loop hydraulic system is that the hydraulic fluid is discharged into the marine environment during the actuation of the subsea valves. Conversely, the hydraulic fluid is returned to the topside facilities through an umbilical system in a closed loop system. Given that closed loop systems are more eco-friendly, the main question in this research is to examine the effect of the actuator connection of the closed loop system on actuator design. Two cases of actuated valves connected to a closed loop system are analyzed in this paper. The first is a 71/16-in. subsea slab gate valve in the pressure class of 517 bar with a linear spring return fail-safe close (FSC) actuator located on a manifold branch. The data indicates that the piston rod and cylinder diameter of the FSC linear actuator should be increased by some millimeters due to the accumulation of hydraulic oil at the bottom of the actuator. The hydraulic oil in the closed loop system helps in closing the actuator and spring force, so the spring constant and torque should be reduced as a result. The second case involves a 16-in. subsea ball valve in the pressure class of 517 bar with a double-acting fail-as-is rack and pinion actuator. The conclusion in this case is to avoid making any change in the design of double-acting actuator in connection to the closed loop system.


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Received date:2020-10-06;Accepted date:2021-03-22。
Corresponding author:Karan Sotoodeh, Karan_sqi@yahoo.com
Last Update: 2021-09-06