|Table of Contents|

 Bo Hu,Zhiwen Wang,Hongwang Du,et al.Response Characteristics of Flexible Risers in Offshore Compressed Air Energy Storage Systems[J].Journal of Marine Science and Application,2019,(3):353-365.[doi:10.1007/s11804-019-00094-6]
Click and Copy

Response Characteristics of Flexible Risers in Offshore Compressed Air Energy Storage Systems


Response Characteristics of Flexible Risers in Offshore Compressed Air Energy Storage Systems
Bo Hu1 Zhiwen Wang12 Hongwang Du1 Rupp Carriveau2 David S. K. Ting2 Wei Xiong1 Zuwen Wang1
Bo Hu1 Zhiwen Wang12 Hongwang Du1 Rupp Carriveau2 David S. K. Ting2 Wei Xiong1 Zuwen Wang1
1 Institute of Ship Electromechanical Equipment, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China;
2 Turbulence and Energy Laboratory, Ed Lumley Centre for Engineering Innovation, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario N9B 3P4, Canada
Offshore compressed air energy storageFlexible riserMarine energyCatenaryLazy waveSensitivity analysis
With the rapid development of marine renewable energy technologies, the demand to mitigate the fluctuation of variable generators with energy storage technologies continues to increase. Offshore compressed air energy storage (OCAES) is a novel flexible-scale energy storage technology that is suitable for marine renewable energy storage in coastal cities, islands, offshore platforms, and offshore renewable energy farms. For deep-water applications, a marine riser is necessary for connecting floating platforms and subsea systems. Thus, the response characteristics of marine risers are of great importance for the stability and safety of the entire OCAES system. In this study, numerical models of two kinds of flexible risers, namely, catenary riser and lazy wave riser, are established in OrcaFlex software. The static and dynamic characteristics of the catenary and the lazy wave risers are analyzed under different environment conditions and internal pressure levels. A sensitivity analysis of the main parameters affecting the lazy wave riser is also conducted. Results show that the structure of the lazy wave riser is more complex than the catenary riser; nevertheless, the former presents better response performance.


Abu Dhabi (2016) International renewable energy agency. Innovation outlook:offshore wind. Available from http://www.irena.org/Publications
API RP 17B (2008) Recommended practice for flexible pipe. American Petroleum Institute, 4th ed
Bahaj ABS (2011) Generating electricity from the oceans. Renew Sust Energ Rev 15(7):3399-3416. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2011.04.032
Bassett K, Carriveau R, Ting SK (2016) Underwater energy storage through application of Archimedes principle. Journal of Energy Storage 8:185-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2016.07.005
Boom H, Dekker JN, Elsacker AWV (1987) Dynamic aspects of offshore riser and mooring concepts. J Pet Technol 40(12):1609-1616
Cuamatzi-Melendez R, Castillo-Hernández O, Vázquez-Hernández AO, Vaz MA (2017) Finite element and theoretical analyses of bisymmetric collapses in flexible risers for deepwaters developments. Ocean Eng 140:195-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2017.05.032
DNV, G (2014) Electrifying the future. DNV GL, Høvik
European Commission (2014) Blue Energy. Action needed to deliver on the potential of ocean energy in European seas and oceans by 2020 and beyond
Germa JM, MGH-deep sea storage (2010). Available from http://www.mgh-energy.com/[accessed 10.03.17]
Ghadimi R (1988) A simple and efficient algorithm for the static and dynamic analysis of flexible marine risers. Comput Struct 29:541~544
Gobat JI (2000) The dynamics of geometrically compliant mooring systems
Government HM (2010) Marine Energy Action Plan 2010:executive summary & recommendations
Hahn H, Hau D, Dick C, Puchta M (2017) Techno-economic assessment of a subsea energy storage technology for power balancing services. Energy 133:121-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.05.116
Hill T, Zhang Y, Kolanski T (2006) The future for flexible pipe riser technology in deep water:case study. Offshore Technology Conference, 1-4 May, Houston, Texas, USA. https://doi.org/10.4043/17768-MS
Hoffman D, Ismail N, Nielsen R, Chandwani R (1991) The design of flexible marine risers in deep and shallow water. Offshore Technology Conference, 6-9 May, Houston, Texas. https://doi.org/10.4043/6724-MS
Huang S, Vassalos D (1993) A numerical method for predicting snap loading of marine cables. Appl Ocean Res 15(4):235-242. https://doi.org/10.1016/01411187(93)90012-M
Hydrostor Corp (2015) Hydrostor activates world’s first utility-scale underwater compressed air energy storage system. Available form https://hydrostor.ca/press/Hydrostor_Press_Release_-_Nov_18_2015_FINAL.pdf
Institution BS (2006) Petroleum and natural gas industries. Design and operation of subsea production systems. Unbonded flexible pipe systems for subsea and marine applications. Available form https://www.bsbedge.com/productdetails/BSI/BSI30202572/bseniso13628-2
Jain AK (1994) Review of flexible risers and articulated storage systems. Ocean Eng 1994:733-750
Kamman JW, Huston RL (2001) Multibody dynamics modeling of variable length cable systems. Multibody Sys Dyn 5(3):211-221
Komor P, Glassmaire J (2012) Electricity storage and renewables for island power
Kordkheili SAH, Bahai H (2007) Non-linear finite element static analysis of flexible risers with a touch down boundary condition. ASME 2007 International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 443-447
Lan H, Wen S, Hong YY, Yu DC, Zhang L (2015) Optimal sizing of hybrid PV/diesel/battery in ship power system ☆. Appl Energy 158:26-34
Li B, Decarolis JF (2015) A techno-economic assessment of offshore wind coupled to offshore compressed air energy storage. Appl Energy 155:315-322
Lim SD, Mazzoleni AP, Park JK, Ro PI, Quinlan B (2013) Conceptual design of ocean compressed air energy storage system. Mar Technol Soc J 47(2):1-8
Liu JY, Zhang L (2016) Strategy design of hybrid energy storage system for smoothing wind power fluctuations. Energies 9:990-991
Long YU, Tan J (2005) Model of mooring line and seabed interaction and its nonlinear analysis. Offshore Platform 20(2):20-25
Lshii K, Makino Y, Fuku T, Kagoura T, Yoshizawa M, Wada H (1995) Flexible riser technology for deep water applications. Offshore Technology Conference, 1-4 May, Houston, Texas. https://doi.org/10.4043/7726-MS
Miao H (1998) A time domain computation method for dynamic behavior of mooring system. China Ocean Engineering 12(1):1-10
ORCAFLEX (2017). ORCAFLEX help file and user manual. Available from www.orcina.com
Pham DC, Sridhar N, Qian X, Sobey AJ, Achintha M, Shenoi A (2016) A review on design, manufacture and mechanics of composite risers. Ocean Eng 112:82-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.12.004
Pimm AJ, Garvey SD, Jong MD (2014) Design and testing of energy bags for underwater compressed air energy storage. Energy 66(2):496-508. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2013.12.010
Raman NW, Baddour RE (2003) Three-dimensional dynamics of a flexible marine riser undergoing large elastic deformations. Multibody Sys Dyn 10(4):393-423
Santillan ST (2007). Analysis of the elastica with applications to vibration isolation. Dissertations & Theses-Gradworks
Santillan ST, Virgin LN (2011) Numerical and experimental analysis of the static behavior of highly deformed risers. Ocean Eng 38(13):1397-1402. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2011.06.009
Serna Á, Yahyaoui I, Normey-Rico JE, Prada CD, Tadeo F (2016) Predictive control for hydrogen production by electrolysis in an offshore platform using renewable energies. Int J Hydrog Energy 42(17):42-12876. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.11.077
Slocum AH, Fennell GE, Dundar G, Hodder BG, Meredith JDC, Sager MA (2013) Ocean renewable energy storage (ORES) system:analysis of an undersea energy storage concept. Proc IEEE 101(4):906-924. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2013.2242411
Stegman A, Andres AD, Jeffrey H, Johanning L, Bradley S (2017) Exploring marine energy potential in the UK using a whole systems modelling approach. Energies 10(9):1251. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10091251
Tang X, Sun Y, Zhou G, Miao F (2017). Coordinated control of multitype energy storage for wind power fluctuation suppression. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10081212
The Mid-Atlantic Regional Planning Body (2016). The Mid-Atlantic Regional Ocean Action Plan
Vasel-Be-Hagh AR, Carriveau R, Ting DSK (2015) Structural analysis of an underwater energy storage accumulator. Sustainable Energy Technol Assess 11:165-172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2014.11.004
Wang J, Duan M (2015) A nonlinear model for deep water steel lazywave riser configuration with ocean current and internal flow. Ocean Eng 94:155-162
Wang ZW, Xiong W, Ting SK, Carriveau R, Wang ZW (2016) Conventional and advanced exergy analyses of an underwater compressed air energy storage system. Appl Energy 180:810-822. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.08.014
Wang J, Lu K, Ma L, Wang J, Dooner M, Miao S, Li J, Wang D (2017) Overview of compressed air energy storage and technology development. Energies 10(7):991. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10070991
Xie N, Gao HQ (2000). Two-dimensional time domain dynamic analysis for the general buoy-cable-body system. J Hydrodyn
You T, Su Z, Ruo Z (2008). Advance of study on dynamic characters of mooring systems in deep water. Ocean Eng
Yu ZB, Ning HE, Gao S (2014). Flexible pipe risers system in deepwater oil & gas development. Pipeline Technique & Equipment
Yuan M, Fan J, Miao GP (2010a) Dynamic analysis of a mooring system.Chinese Journal of Hydrodynamics 25(3):285-291
Yuan M, Fan J, Miao GP (2010b) Mooring performance of nonlinear elastic mooring lines. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University 44(6):820-827
Zanuttigh B, Angelelli E, Kortenhaus A, Koca K, Krontira Y, Koundouri P (2016) A methodology for multi-criteria design of multi-use offshore platforms for marine renewable energy harvesting. Renew Energy 85:1271-1289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2015.07.080
Zhou Z, Benbouzid M, Charpentier JF, Scuiller F, Tang T (2013) A review of energy storage technologies for marine current energy systems. Renew Sust Energ Rev 18(2):390-400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.10.006
Zhou Q, Wang N, Ran L, Shen H, Lv Q, Wang M (2016) Cause analysis on wind and photovoltaic energy curtailment and prospect research in China. Electric Power 49(9):7-12
Zhu H, Gao Y (2017) Vortex induced vibration response and energy harvesting of a marine riser attached by a free-to-rotate impeller. Energy 134:532-544. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.06.084
Zhu KQ, Li DG, Li W (2002) Lumped-parameter analysis method for time-domain of ocean cable-body systems. Ocean Eng 20(2):100-104
Zhu H, Sun Z, Gao Y (2017) Numerical investigation of vortex-induced vibration of a triple-pipe bundle. Ocean Eng 142:204-216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2017.07.019


Received date:2018-05-08;Accepted date:2019-02-21。
Foundation item:This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (grant numbers 3132016353, 3132019117, 3132019122) and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.
Corresponding author:Wei Xiong,xiongwei@dlmu.edu.cn
Last Update: 2019-09-18