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 Weicheng Cui.An Overview of Submersible Research and Development in China[J].Journal of Marine Science and Application,2018,(4):459-470.[doi:10.1007/s11804-018-00062-6]
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An Overview of Submersible Research and Development in China


An Overview of Submersible Research and Development in China
Weicheng Cui
Weicheng Cui
Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Hadal Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China
Hadal trenchesSubmersiblesDeep tow systemLanderGliderAutonomous and remotely operated vehicle (ARV)Human-occupied vehicle (HOV)Full ocean depth (FOD)
Given the recent success in the development of several submersibles in China, people’s interest in the history of submersible development is increasing. This paper presents the history of submersible development in China, which can be briefly divided into three periods. The first one is the early period of hardship (1971-2000). Many prototype submersibles of HOVs, ROVs, and AUVs were developed at this time, but the main achievement was the establishment of special research organizations and the training of research and development personnel. The second period can be regarded as the quick development period (2001-2015). All currently used submersibles were developed during this period. The most remarkable achievement was the successful development of 7000 m-deep manned submersible "Jiaolong." The third period aims to develop 11 000 m submersibles for challenging the full ocean depth (2016-2020). In this period, two unmanned submersibles and two manned submersibles will be the significant indicators of achievement. If this 5-year plan can be successfully completed, China can play a significant role in the investigation of the deepest part of the oceans, namely, the hadal trenches (6500-11 000 m).


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Received date:2018-5-7;Accepted date:2018-7-11。
Foundation item:This work was supported by the State Key Program of National Natural Science of China "Structural Reliability Analysis on the Spherical Hull of Deep Sea MSs" (Grant No. 51439004) and the Scientific Innovation Program Project of "Key technology research and experimental validation of deep MS" by the Shanghai Committee of Science and Technology (Grant No. 15DZ1207000).
Corresponding author:Weicheng Cui,wccui@shou.edu.cn
Last Update: 2019-03-05