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 Yang Yang,Xiukun Li.Time-Frequency Morphological Characteristics for Rigid Acoustic Scattering by Underwater Objects[J].Journal of Marine Science and Application,2016,(2):201-207.[doi:10.1007/s11804-016-1352-z]
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Time-Frequency Morphological Characteristics for Rigid Acoustic Scattering by Underwater Objects


Time-Frequency Morphological Characteristics for Rigid Acoustic Scattering by Underwater Objects
Yang Yang12 Xiukun Li12
Yang Yang12 Xiukun Li12
1. Acoustic Science and Technology Laboratory, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China;
2. College of Underwater Acoustic Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
underwater objecthighlight structurerigid scattering componentsimage morphologytime-frequencyblind source separation
Separation of the components of rigid acoustic scattering by underwater objects is essential in obtaining the structural characteristics of such objects. To overcome the problem of rigid structures appearing to have the same spectral structure in the time domain, time-frequency Blind Source Separation (BSS) can be used in combination with image morphology to separate the rigid scattering components of different objects. Based on a highlight model, the separation of the rigid scattering structure of objects with time-frequency distribution is deduced. Using a morphological filter, different characteristics in a Wigner-Ville Distribution (WVD) observed for single auto term and cross terms can be simplified to remove any cross-term interference. By selecting time and frequency points of the auto terms signal, the accuracy of BSS can be improved. A simulation experimental has been used to analyze the feasibility of the new method, with changing the pulse width of the transmitted signal, the relative amplitude and the time delay parameter. And simulation results show that the new method can not only separate rigid scattering components, but can also separate the components when elastic scattering and rigid scattering exist at the same time. Experimental results confirm that the new method can be used in separating the rigid scattering structure of underwater objects.


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Received date: 2015-09-17;Accepted date: 2016-01-22。
Foundation item: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 51279033, and Heilongjiang Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. F201346
Corresponding author: Xiukun Li,E-mail:lixiukun@hrbeu.edu.cn
Last Update: 2016-07-06