|Table of Contents|

 M. Morsy El Gohary,Yousri M. A. Welaya and Amr Abdelwahab Saad.The Use of Hydrogen as a Fuel for Inland Waterway Units[J].Journal of Marine Science and Application,2014,(2):212-217.[doi:10.1007/s11804-014-1243-0]
Click and Copy

The Use of Hydrogen as a Fuel for Inland Waterway Units


The Use of Hydrogen as a Fuel for Inland Waterway Units
M. Morsy El Gohary Yousri M. A. Welaya and Amr Abdelwahab Saad
M. Morsy El Gohary Yousri M. A. Welaya and Amr Abdelwahab Saad
1. Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Egypt 2. Marine Engineering Department, Faculty of Maritime Studies, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
sustainable alternative energy sources hydrogen fuel hydrogen properties hydrogen production hydrogen storage cost analysis inland waterway units
Escalating apprehension about the harmful effects of widespread use of conventional fossil fuels in the marine field and in internal combustion engines in general, has led to a vast amount of efforts and the directing of large capital investment towards research and development of sustainable alternative energy sources. One of the most promising and abundant of these sources is hydrogen. Firstly, the use of current fossil fuels is discussed focusing on the emissions and economic sides to emphasize the need for a new, cleaner and renewable fuel with particular reference to hydrogen as a suitable possible alternative. Hydrogen properties, production and storage methods are then reviewed along with its suitability from the economical point of view. Finally, a cost analysis for the use of hydrogen in internal combustion engines is carried out to illustrate the benefits of its use as a replacement for diesel. The outcome of this cost analysis shows that 98% of the capital expenditure is consumed by the equipment, and 68.3% of the total cost of the equipment is spent on the solar photovoltaic cells. The hydrogen plant is classified as a large investment project because of its high initial cost which is about 1 billion US$; but this is justified because hydrogen is produced in a totally green way. When hydrogen is used as a fuel, no harmful emissions are obtained.


Banawan AA, El Gohary MM, Sadek IS (2010). Environmental and economical benefits of changing from marine diesel oil to natural-gas fuel for short-voyage high-power passenger ships. Journal of Engineering for the Mari-time Environment, 224(2), 103-113.
El Gohary MM, Saddiek I (2013). Utilization of alternative marine fuels for gas turbine power plant onboard ships. International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, 5(1), 21-32.
El Gohary MM (2013a). Overview of past, present and future marine power plants. Journal of Marine Science and Application, 12(2), 219-227.
El Gohary MM (2013b). Economical analysis of combined fuel cell generators and absorption chillers. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 52(1), 151-158.
El Gohary MM (2013c). Environmental analysis of present and future fuels in 2D simple model marine gas tubines. International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, 5(4), 559-568.
El Gohary MM (2009). Design of marine hydrogen internal combustion engine. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 48(1), 57-65.
El Gohary MM (2012). The future of natural gas as a fuel in marine gas turbine for LNG carriers. Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment, 226(4), 371-377.
El Gohary, MM, Abdou KM (2011). Computer based selection and performance analysis of marine diesel engine. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 50(1), 1-11
El Gohary M, El Sherif H (2006). Future of hydrogen as green energy in marine applications. 9th World Renewable Energy Congress, Florence, Italy, 360-366.
Elshazly AH, El Gohary MM, Ossman ME (2010). Performance characteristics of a solar humidification dehumidification unit using packed bed of screens as the humidifier. Desalination and Water Treatment, 16(1-3), 17-28.
Germain J, Hradil J, Fréchet JM, Svec F (2006). High surface area nanoporous polymers for reversible hydrogen storage. Chemistry of Materials, 18(18), 4430-4435.?
Gaul D, Geagla A, Lindstrom P, Mayne L, McLeod B, Smith CL, Wells P, Yucel EM (2011). Monthly energy review 2011. US Energy Information Administration, US Department of Energy, Washington, DC, USA, Report No. 0484.
Harlan B, Stonecypher L (2011). Concentrating solar power commercial. U.S Department of Energy, California, United States, Report no. 110-140.
Herzog AV, Lipman TE, Kammen DM (1999). Renewable energy sources. University of California, Berkeley, USA.
Pierce C, Adams KR, Stewart JD (1998). Determining the fuel constituents of ancient hearth ash via ICP-AES analysis. Journal of Archaeological Science, 25(6), 493-503.?
Thakur NK, Rajput S (2011). World’s oil and natural gas scenario. Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg, 29-47.
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2011). International energy outlook 2011. U.S. Department of Energy, Washinton, DC, USA.
Veldhuis IJS, Richardson RN, Stone HBJ (2005). A hydrogen fuelled gas turbine powered high-speed container ship: A technical & economic investigation of the ship & associated port infrastructure. International Conference on Fast Sea Transportation. St. Ptersburg, Russia.
Welaya YMA, El Gohary MM, Ammar NR (2011). A comparison between fuel cells and other alternatives for marine electric power generation. International Journal Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, 3(2), 141-149.
Welaya, YMA, El Gohary MM, Ammar NR (2012). Steam and partial oxidation reforming options for hydrogen production from fossil fuels for PEM fuel cells. Alexandria engineering Journal, 51(2), 69-75.


Last Update: 2014-06-10