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 Salma Sherbaz and Wenyang Duan.Operational Options for Green Ships[J].Journal of Marine Science and Application,2012,(3):335-340.[doi:10.1007/s11804-012-1141-2]
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Operational Options for Green Ships


Operational Options for Green Ships
Salma Sherbaz and Wenyang Duan
Salma Sherbaz and Wenyang Duan
College of Shipbuilding Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
green ship ship operational efficiency weather routing slow steaming trim optimization
Environmental issues and rising fuel prices necessitate better energy-efficiency in all sectors. The shipping industry is one of the major stakeholders, responsible for 3% of global CO2 emissions, 14%–15% of global NOX emissions, and 16% of global SOX emissions. In addition, continuously rising fuel prices are also an incentive to focus on new ways for better energy-effectiveness. The green ship concept requires exploring and implementing technology on ships to increase energy-efficiency and reduce emissions. Ship operation is an important topic with large potential to increase cost-and-energy-effectiveness. This paper provided a comprehensive review of basic concepts, principles, and potential of operational options for green ships. The key challenges pertaining to ship crew i.e. academic qualifications prior to induction, in-service training and motivation were discussed. The author also deliberated on remedies to these challenges.


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Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No.51079032, and the Excellent Youth Foundation of Heilongjiang Province of China.
Last Update: 2012-09-05